Three words that can efficiently define civil lawsuits are emotions, drama, and a whole lot of paperwork. Civil cases are mostly executed with people known to you, which is why the emotional turmoil could be greater here.
Like any other court proceedings, here, too, there has to be a plaintiff and a defendant. The plaintiff party accuses the defendant party of wrongdoings. If the plaintiff party wins, then the defendant is held responsible, and they need to cover all the damages, which is usually in the form of monetary compensation.