What Kills Germs? How to Kill Coronavirus and Disinfect Your Home

As more information about the coronavirus pandemic evolves, some of the information in this story may have changed since it was last updated. For the latest information on COVID-19, see the online resources of CDC, WHO, and your local health department.


Killing germs on household surfaces is nothing new. You are probably already doing it if you are routine Clean the bathroom and after you’ve treated raw meat or chicken in the kitchen. But with this current Outbreak of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19)Hold all frequently touched household surfaces such as faucet handles. PhonesGerm-free and remote controls are more important than ever.

It is important to know Not all cleaning products that are supposed to disinfect are equally effective with all types of germs. There are many types of bacteria and viruses and not every product kills them all. Below we list which products are especially suitable for the corona virus and how they can be used correctly for maximum effectiveness. and what to avoid.

What Kills Corona Virus?

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has put together a Product list While not yet specifically tested for the brand new version of the virus that causes COVID-19, they have been shown to be effective against viruses that are similar or more difficult to kill than the rhinovirus that causes colds. They expect to work on the corona virus as well. These products use a variety of different ingredients and formulations. Use it exactly as it is stated on the label. These products include:

    Use of cleaning agents to kill corona viruses

    Before using a disinfectant or disinfectant, read the label to make sure it is registered with the EPA and to determine which strains of bacteria and viruses kill it. The EPA registration number is usually in small letters on the bottom of the front or back label, and the bacteria and viruses against which the product is effective are also listed.

    EPA registration is required by law for any cleaner that claims to kill germs. We rely on that in the Good Housekeeping Cleaning Lab When we evaluate the disinfection and disinfection of products and ensure that the product works as stated if you follow the instructions.

    A few more points:

    • Know that disinfection is not the same as disinfection. Disinfection (reducing the risk of disease by killing 99.9% of the germs) usually takes less time – sometimes only 30 or 60 seconds – while disinfection (killing 99.999% of the germs) can take up to 10 minutes, depending on the product.
    • Check the label to see how long hard, non-porous surfaces need to stay wet for the most effective germ killing. Because liquids evaporate, you may need to apply the product multiple times.
    • No product can sufficiently disinfect or disinfect a dirty surfaceTherefore, make sure that you clean – even with normal soap and water – before disinfecting.

      Which DIY household cleaner kills the corona virus?

      After the US Center for Disease Control (CDC)An easy way to disinfect hard, non-porous surfaces with a product you are likely to have at home is: Combine 1/3 cup of normal chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite) per gallon of water. (Clorox recommends using 1/2 cup of bleach per gallon of water.) For small batches, use 4 teaspoons of normal chlorine bleach and 1 liter of water.

      To use: Dip a cloth into the mixture with gloves, wipe the surface, let the solution come into contact with the surface for five minutes, and air dry it. After disinfection, rinse all surfaces, including surfaces that come into contact with food, such as worktops and high chair shells, with warm water and air drying. Be careful not to spill the bleach solution on your clothes or eyes and use it sparingly on stainless steel sinks and surfaces. It is also important to note that the bleach and water solution must be freshly made every day you use it.

      Does hydrogen peroxide kill viruses and bacteria?

      According to the CDC, Hydrogen peroxide is a stable and effective disinfectant against a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses, when used on hard, non-porous surfaces. Hydrogen peroxide is usually sold in 3% solutions and can still be used straight from the bottle. It is best to keep it away from fabrics when cleaning and wear gloves to protect your hands.

      To use: Spray or wipe the surface and let it stay damp for at least a minute before wiping it off.

      Does alcohol disinfect surfaces?

      Isopropyl alcohol is an effective disinfectant against many pathogens, including coronavirus, as long as the concentration is 70%. Most cleaning alcohols consist of 70% isopropyl alcohol, but the concentrations can be between 60 and 99%. To kill coronavirus quickly on surfaces, 70% are best – pure (100%) alcohol evaporates too quickly to be effective.

      To use: Wipe or spray the surface with the alcohol and make sure it stays moist for at least 30 seconds.

      Can vinegar kill germs?

      No, according to the CDC and NSF (a public health and safety organization), Vinegar (or alternative vinegar-based cleaning products) should not be used for disinfection or disinfection. Vinegar-based cleaning products can be good in some cases, but vinegar is not registered as a disinfectant with the EPA and is ineffective against most bacteria and viruses – it does Not kill the flu or the corona virus. Undiluted white vinegar may act on some limited types of bacteria, but it’s not the best way to sanitize surfaces. (The coronavirus is also a virus, not a bacterium.)

          What else you should know about cleaning your house

          • Regular soap and water remove germs and reduces the amount of germs, which also reduces the likelihood of infection. In order to actually kill germs, you have to disinfect or disinfect the surfaces after cleaning.
          • Never combine disinfectants or cleaning agents and open the window or ventilate a room if vapors become a nuisance.
          • Soft surfaces are porous and will never reach the level of germ kill required to be completely disinfected. Some antibacterial sprays can disinfect soft surfaces such as pillows and soft toys.
          • Check surfaces for safety in a hidden place before using alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or a disinfectant on a surface, especially a sensitive one. Rinse on surfaces in contact with food with clear water and dry after disinfection, unless the product label expressly states that this is not necessary.

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