Top 10 of the most stylish Basque legends

The Basque Country is shrouded in mystery. The very origin of the Basques seems subject to interpretation, while their language is also a pretext for multiple debates (in short, all this stuff to know about the Basque Country). In the Basque Country where still today, we believe in magical creatures, more or less harmful and where we hang on the door of the houses the famous Flower of the Sun, a dried thistle, in order to protect ourselves from bad luck…

1. Sugulna

The Basque Country is a bit like Game Of Thrones (this is also where the headquarters of the Targaryen family is located, in San Juan de Gazelugatxe which is one of the most beautiful locations for filming Game of Thrones) . There are dragons and knights and sometimes they all happily fight each other. Like Sugulna, this three-headed dragon emerged from the side of La Rhune in 1400 which devastated the region before the knight Gaston-Armand de Belsunce decided to celebrate it. The dragon, partly decapitated, was thrown by the young man into the Nive. Unfortunately, he fell with him. You can go to the place of their confrontation at La Fontaine du Dragon in Hiriburu.

2. Gaueko

At night, this evil being comes out of its lair and hunts the men and women who have the imprudence to come out. It could once be seen on top of trees and rocks. A character from Basque mythology who could also take several forms and whose story sometimes merges with other legends such as that of…

3. Basajaun

He is a rather sturdy man, very hairy and gruff to perfection. Established in the mountains, he adores the forest of Iraty in particular, in which he spends happy days with his companion, La Basandere. A creature that would tend to get closer to Big Foot, adept at night raids during which he steals food from humans. The Basajaun who, despite his rather considerate character, especially towards the shepherds, whom he protects from wolves, hates everything related to religion such as the sound of church bells, crosses…

4. May, the Lady of Anboto

She is the boss. The mother of all fantastic creatures in Basque mythology. The one who conceives the storms, who fertilizes the earth and who can in this, accompanied by her husband, decide whether or not the harvests are successful.

5. Inguma

A not at all well-intentioned genius who interferes in houses at night to strangle those who have forgotten to recite a precise magic formula before going to bed. And just in case, here is the formula: “Inguma, I’m not afraid of you. My protector is God and the Virgin Mary. In the sky the stars, on the ground the grass, on the coast the grains of sand, do not come before me before having counted them. » Funnily enough, forcing an evil being to count various and varied things is also found in vampire mythology. It is indeed said that to protect yourself from a vampire, all you have to do is place hundreds of gravel in front of your door. The vampire will then be forced to count them all and, with a little luck, will be surprised by the sun…

6. Torto

Torto is a large Cyclops who raises sheep, lives in a cave, and eats humans who get too close to him. He is also part of a large family of cyclops that can be found in the mythologies of the regions located along the Pyrenees chain.

7. Herensue

He is heavy! Herensugue is a giant snake known to prey on herds. And he flies! Its origins date back to the creation of the earth, where it is said to have mated with Sugaar, the serpent goddess. It is also said that he has 7 heads and his story is sometimes mixed with that of Sugulna (the first of this top). It seems that Herensugue bides his time somewhere, ready to devastate the world.

8. Witches

We do not necessarily know it, even if Alex de la Iglesia dedicated a film to them (The Witches of Zugarramurdi), but the Basque Country was marked by its witches. The Basque witch trial which began in 1609 and which stands out as one of the greatest events of its kind in the world. Several accused (for there were also men) were burned alive in front of an assembly and others were tortured and imprisoned. People accused of engaging in demonic practices but also healing spells. And if we talk a lot about these stories in Spain, France was also concerned; St-Jean-de-Luz imposing itself as one of the biggest centers of witches at that time.

9. Intxitxu

This is a deity who lives in caves in the Basque Country. A sort of short, bearded wizard with great physical strength at sunset. It is notably in his name that many monolithic monuments in the region would have been built.

10. Lauburu

It is the name of the Basque cross. And while its origins are still up for debate, it is said that this four-pointed star represents the four seasons or the four elements, referring to the cycle of life. A central symbol that can be found in several stories, legendary or not, and which is therefore always the source of a certain fascination.


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