Alabama is an outstanding state for gardening. Warm, humid and sunny days mean lush gardens. The secret to any successful garden is knowing what to plant and when to plant it. Understanding of regions, frost dates and soil is also significant. Here is everything you want to know to begin planting in Alabama.
Alabama planting regions
Alabama has three areas of resistance to plants. They’re zones 7, 8 and 9. This implies minimums of 0-30 degrees F at night. It’s important to plant the perfect plants in the region where you are if you would like a lush garden.
It’s also important to know the most recent frost date and the first date. Warm climatic plants such as tomatoes can’t go out into the backyard until the last frost date. Dates may change by town, but the first freeze date in Alabama is about March 21st. The last frost date begins around 10/7, but for many areas it’s later than October.
Know your soil
Fall is the time to begin working on compost leaves and other natural soil enhancers on your garden area. Have your soil tested to see exactly what the pH balance is? Locate the local number for the Alabama extension office and arrange the soil test. You can get kits that will permit you to examine it yourself. Soil pH should be between 6.0 and 6.5. As soon as you know the pH of the soil, you can add the perfect amount of fertilizer or lime to balance out things.
Vegetables that grow well
In Alabama, you can develop a vast array of vegetables. Long, hot days are fantastic for vegetables such as tomatoes that require a longer growing season. Be certain to pick varieties that are resistant to heat and local pests. All this information will be on the seed packet or in the seed catalogue.
Here are the vegetables that go really nicely in Alabama:
Radishes – Plant in early spring and again in the autumn. The best options: Cherry Belle, Icicle or Scarlet.
Tomatoes – Plant in April and again in July. The best choices – Atkinson, April
Stars, Better Boy, Big Beef, Husky Gold, Monte Carlo, Small Fry or Sweet Chelsea.
Peppers – Plant in April and again in July. The best options are Cayenne, Habanero or Jalapeno for sexy varieties. Sweet varieties choose any bell or banana.
Potatoes – Plant in February and again in August. The best options are Sebago, Red Pontiac, Red LaSoda or Superior.
Peas – Plant in February. Best Alternatives Arrow or English.
Green Beans – The Best Choices – Contender, Derby or Green Crop.
Pole Beans – Top Alternatives – Kentucky Wonder, Kentucky Blue or Dade.
Lima beans – Top selections – King of the Garden.
Oriental cabbages – Plant in July. The best options: Bok Choi, Michihli, Napa or Pak Choi.
Collard Greens – Plant in July – The best choices are Best Deck or Sample.
Spinach – Plant February – September. The ideal option is longtime Bloomsdale
Mustard – Plant February – August. The best options: Red Giant or Florida Broadleaf.
Okra – Plant from April to June. The best options: Clemson Spineless, Emerald Lee or Burgundy.
Squash – Plant April and again in August. The best options: any summer squash. Winter varieties choose acorn, butternut and spaghetti squash.
Pests to watch out for
Healthy soil can help keep pests away, but each garden has to handle them. Some of those you may see on your Alabama garden include snails, earthworms, pinworms, white larvae (Japanese and other beetles when ripe), aphids, asparagus beetles, pumpkin bugs and weevils. You’ll need to manually remove parasites such as snails and cockroaches. Check your local nursery for which insecticides work best for the insects in your area.
Gardening in Alabama is a superb way to develop healthy and tasty food. The varieties you can grow are big as a result of the beautiful growing season that’s present. Plan your garden today for lots of yummy products from spring to summer.