In this age of global warming on the planet, increasing pollution and fast food, lots of men and women are not sure of the new products provided, as many attempts to exercise some control over what they eat.
Likewise, chemicals which were used in gardens for so long are not accepted as the sole way of channelling the vicissitudes of nature.
One of the key ways to improve our environment (and our health) is to be organic. ”
Why organic gardening?
Organic gardening is one which uses only natural materials and doesn’t use artificial fertilizers or chemicals.
Try to work with nature instead of against it.
Organic food tastes better than those grown with artificial fertilizers.
Prices: organic substance can be produced by returning all waste into the ground, which is an economical process in contrast to inorganic that tends to be significantly more costly in the long term.
The same with chemical sprays, even if an orchard is made where the pests don’t prove a problem, you may save yourself a lot in the expense of the chemicals.
Another benefit is that by adding organic material to the Earth, it continues to improve, throwing chemicals eventually depletes the soil.
The fruit size of a natural garden is usually larger and of high quality.
Tips for planning an organic vegetable garden
The first step to consider when planning a backyard is to produce a record of what you would like out of it, imagine what could be accomplished in the area and time available.
As soon as you’ve determined your priorities, it is time to track down or arrange the space available inside that garden.
Some regions will be sunnier, others will have better dirt or dirt, some areas a lot more humid and so forth.
To cultivate a fantastic garden you’ll have to start looking for the best position related to the sun and atmosphere.
When the weeds grow better in one area than another, this can indicate that the ground is better there, Note the regions having the sun all day or just a partial day.
Look after the Earth
Soil is the most important part of your backyard, the makeup of the soil varies so keep your eye on this variance.
Sandy soils are extremely light and crumbly and easily emptied.
The clay is shaped by thin particles which stick together producing the attribute stickiness of the clay. The clay discharges very gradually, so the clay lands produce a humid and slippery environment where plants feel comfortable. Sticky and dry ground is also rather tough to work with.
Between both of these types, clayey and sandy soils can be improved by simply including a fertile mulch.
A moderate can be acidic or alkaline. The relative acidity/alkalinity of the soil pH is measured on a scale from 0 to 14 where 7 is neutral.
For the most effective organic garden soil, it ought to be on the acid side of the neutral point, at 6.5, the dirt below is overly acidic and won’t permit some minerals which the plants need.
However, clayey, sandy, alkaline or acid soils can be altered.
Another factor of soil structure is its own profile. Generally in a garden, the soil comprises the best soil. The underlying layer is referred to as groundwater. And below this is the real subsoil.
It is vital to maintain these layers in their various places.
Identification of layers of ground
Surface layer: it’s the darkest and richest portion of the backyard profile. It is where crops grow primarily and where many worms, bacteria and insects live, many of which benefit plant growth.
Finally, we must consider the subject of hardness that may occur between the various soil layers. This is a problem which can be solved if it’s not known beforehand, if not corrected it can undermine the excavation depth.
To discover whether the soil in your backyard is clay or sandy, put a sample in a jar with water, then shake it, allow the different elements settle in layers and some other organic material will float upward.
For their ability to retain or get rid of water, dig a hole deep in a shovel and fill it with water. Allow to drain and fill the gap. If this water immediately disappears, it means that the soil also drains well. On the other hand, if you’re still there after a couple of hours or even days, it’s apparent it is stuck at the opposite extreme.
In case it disappears regularly within 30 minutes, its usage and capacity are right.
There are numerous organic indicators of soil acidity or alkalinity. By way of instance, if ferns row in your backyard or rhododendrons, it means that the soil is acidic.
Improve the land
When the soil is examined only then it’ll be possible to find out what could be done to enhance it.
In light soils, for example, gritty lands, it’s much better to include decomposed organic material, this will help retain moisture and provide nutrients for plants.
Clay soils are more problematic to treat, particularly as they’re hard and difficult to operate. To improve it, it’s important to add stones (gravel), since it enhances drainage, separates the dirt and eases the job.
You could even add ash burnt weeds, an organic substance in the shape of manure or poultry manure to turn the dirt into lighter soil. The worms will always split it and mix with the soil, the worms will mulch the majority of the new layer so the original soil becomes fertile and usable.
Drainage is an important part of soil improvement. In wet soil, it is possible to include gravel but if it’s a critical problem of stagnation of water after every shower, it’s necessary to set up an adequate drainage system.
This is accomplished by digging ditches in the kind of drainage pipes.
Cover with small stones or just fill out the trenches with gravel-covered rubble.
An alternative is to use water to make a pond and then put in the water drain pipes.
Gardening is not just about planting seeds and then sitting down and waiting for the harvest. Between both of these events, the weeds attempt to purge the bare soil and the insects which consume the harvest search for these succulent plants.
The gardener’s job is to keep this from occurring.
For many, hoeing and weeding can be very relaxing and not to mention remedy. When you drop control of weeds or soil equilibrium, gardening becomes a struggle.
The secret is”thick and small”. When the weather allows, devote an hour a day.
Another obstacle is going to be a character, which will hinder the gardener with occasional poor weather.
You can take steps to minimize their effect:
It creates several issues. To begin with, the end can easily blow down the whole garden bed.
Windbreaks are something to take into account in creating any backyard, though it might not be essential if you reside in a metropolitan area where buildings shield it from the end, but in rural areas it can be vital.
The best windbreaks are the ones which permit air to filter. Even though a wall or fence appears strong and looks best against strong winds, they really cause plenty of turbulence that could be as catastrophic as the end itself.
A row of trees allows the end to filter obviously.
A much faster solution is to construct a fence to permit the end to cross it, it could be made from wood or bamboo.
A contemporary alternative is to use displays, which are offered specifically for this. This sort of wind protection must be securely attached to the floor and has to be renewed or replaced from time to time.
A hedge produces a perfect barrier that slows down the end by letting it permeate in moderate flow.
The cold isn’t bad during the winter. Helps break down and kill the bugs that have surfaced. But when spring starts and you’ve begun planting, frost can be a killer or at least an obstacle.
The vacant spaces can be coated with metal or cloth, put a fence or a hedge in a corner throughout the incline above the frost hole so the cold air is redirected to a side and goes everywhere. A row of shrubs or curves while uphill V also deflects the chilly air frost.
It’s always a good idea to have a flower garden near a vegetable area. Sometimes it may also help blend the two.
A preferred alternative by most organic gardeners is to make a series of raised beds, each with one or more kinds of vegetables, planted in blocks instead of in rows.
Some plants grow best in trays or containers for later sowing.
It’s ideal to plant on chilly days, preferably if there’s a risk that light rain may fall. Moisture and chilly help the plant to survive.