Orchid: how many types exist and how to cure them
Orchid: how many types exist and how to cure them
Elegant and sensual. These are the first two adjectives that come to your mind when you think of an orchid. It is a flower that generates good mood, positivity, but also calm and tranquility. It can be kept at home and, if taking care of it is not always so simple, just a few precautions seasoned with the right attention to have great satisfaction.
Name origin: it derives from the Greek and means “testicle” because of its particular shape reminiscent of the male reproductive organs. The origin of this term is very ancient, it was in fact the Greek philosopher Theophrastus, disciple of Aristotle, who classified the orchid as such in his botanical treatises, between the sixth and third centuries BC.
When and to whom to give it: the orchid is the perfect gift for a happy event and is an auspicious symbol. It can be given to a student in full exam session, as well as to someone who has just moved, or to a loved one: its versatility makes it perfect for any occasion. In love language it takes on various meanings: from dedication to sensuality and if Western culture relates it above all to love, for the Eastern one the orchid is a symbol of purity and innocence.
Benefits of the orchid: like all plants, the orchid purifies the air in the rooms. It is able to fight a chemical compound harmful to humans, xylene (present in materials such as glues or paints). Head pain and tiredness are among the consequences of an excessive presence of this compound in the air. According to ancient Feng Shui geomantic art, orchids bring luck and prosperity and for this reason it is ideal to place them in the bedroom. Arranging one or more orchids at home or in the office can improve the quality of life, providing benefits for breathing and mood. Speaking of the East: in China, in the past, orchids were used as a remedy to combat sterility.
Species and varieties: there are many varieties of orchids, experts say that if we talk about the genus there are more than 750 types, if we talk about species we can reach almost 20 thousand. In Italy we have about 85 species that grow spontaneously, some near the mountains, others on the coasts. Always in the most humid areas. The most common ones that are most frequently found in florists and nurseries are Phalenopsis, Cymbidium and Dendrobium. The classification of orchids is quite complex also due to the amount of hybrids that have been created over time. Do you think that in the last 150 years about 110 thousand have been produced called “Grexes”.
Colvin, one of the leading flower delivery portals, introduces us to Emily and Ophelia, two orchids with great significance
Emily in honor of the famous poetess
The white Phalaenopsis Elegant Cascade is called Emily and her name was chosen in honor of the great American poet Emily Dickinson, lover of Nature in all its forms, colors and perfumes. The Emily orchid is white, just like the poetess’ favorite color, who chose to dress only in this tone just to express an idea of purity.
Ophelia, symbol of love and passion
Ophelia it is the Phalaenopsis Elegant Cascade with pink and fuchsia hues. Sister of Emily, but more rebellious and at times wild, takes its name from the female protagonist of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Its lively tones are perfect for filling the surrounding environment with joy.
Tips for taking care of a second orchid Colvin
Each variety has specific needs, so the type of care depends on the origin and characteristics of each. The easiest to take care of are the Phalenopsis and the Cattleya, the Vanda instead require more attention. It is essential that temperature, lighting, humidity and fertilization are well balanced, so as to avoid the most common orchid diseases such as parasitic and non-parasitic ones.
Here are some simple general rules to follow:
Light. Put the orchid well exposed to light, but away from direct sunlight, for example near the window or behind a curtain that can filter the sun’s rays. You will see how happy it will bloom!
Temperature. The optimum temperature fluctuates between a minimum of 10 ° and a maximum of 30 °, depending on the variety. Warning: orchids should be placed away from heating and sources of heat.
Ventilation. The orchid does not like direct air currents and is comfortable in the house, both in summer and in winter. To avoid excess humidity, it is important to ventilate the environment. To allow sufficient air circulation in the root area, the saucer must be large enough. After watering it, check that the air circulates sufficiently, to allow it to dry.
Degree of humidity. The ideal environment of the orchid is humid, but not too wet. For this reason it is important to avoid watering it too often and you must make sure that too much water does not stagnate in the saucer (to prevent the roots from rotting).
Watering. The orchid doesn’t need a lot of water to bloom. The rule of pouring lukewarm water once a week can therefore be enforced, but only when the earth is dry. To check the moisture content of the soil put a pencil, if the wood is darker, it means that the substrate is sufficiently moist and therefore you can postpone watering for a few days.
The vase. Use a plastic pot with drainage holes as the orchid roots need light and it is important to avoid stagnation of water. To prevent the plant from rotting, it is good to change it every 2 or 3 years, regardless of the conditions in which it is found, to safeguard the flower, guarantee its duration and subsequent flowering.
Nutrition and potting soil. To stimulate growth in a natural way and the frequent appearance of new flowers, it is important to provide the right nourishment to the orchid. Just dilute about 10 drops of liquid fertilizer per liter of water in the watering can or directly in the pot (from March to October). Add 5 important elements to the growing soil: peat, pine bark, osmunda and sphagnum fern roots and expanded clay.
Pruning. In this regard, there are two distinct currents of thought: for some it is good to prune the plant once the cure is complete, for others it is better to wait for the stem to fall naturally.
The life cycle. Cut the wilted flowers at the base of the stem and transfer the plant to a new pot. If the roots are in good condition, and above all they are not rotten, it will be sufficient to change the land, otherwise it is necessary to repot, putting the plant in a larger pot.