How To Roast A Chicken

Roasting a chicken is one of the most satisfying and delicious ways to cook a whole bird. The crisp skin, juicy meat, and savory flavors all combine to make a classic dish that never goes out of style.

However, for those who have never roasted a chicken before, it might seem a bit intimidating. What is the best way to prepare the chicken? How do you season it properly? What temperature should you cook it at, and for how long?

In this article, we will walk you through the entire process of how to roast a chicken, providing helpful tips and tricks along the way. By the end, you will be an expert in the culinary art of roasted chicken.

Step 1: Selecting the Chicken
The first step to roasting a chicken is to select the right bird. Look for a fresh chicken that has been raised without antibiotics or growth hormones. Make sure it has a plump breast, and the skin is not too dry or shriveled.

You should also consider the size of the chicken. A 3-4 lbs bird is perfect for a small to medium family, and it will cook faster and be more tender compared to a larger bird.

Step 2: Preparing the Chicken
Before roasting the chicken, you need to properly prepare it. Rinse the chicken inside and out with cold water and pat dry with paper towels. Season the chicken cavity with salt and pepper (or your preferred seasoning), then stuff it with aromatic herbs like thyme, rosemary or sage.

Next, tie the legs together with string to help the chicken cook evenly. Brush the outside of the chicken with melted butter or oil and sprinkle with more seasoning.

Step 3: Roasting the Chicken
Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C). Place the chicken breast side up on a roasting rack in a roasting pan or a baking dish.

Cook the chicken for 20 minutes per pound, or until the internal temperature reaches 165°F (74°C) when tested with a meat thermometer.

If you want your chicken to be crispier, you can turn on the broil setting for the last 5-10 minutes. Make sure you keep an eye on the chicken, so it doesn’t burn.

Step 4: Resting the Chicken
Once the chicken is cooked, remove it from the oven and allow it to rest for 10-15 minutes before slicing. This resting period gives the juices time to redistribute throughout the meat, ensuring a more flavorful and tender chicken.

During the resting period, tent the chicken loosely with foil to keep it warm and prevent the skin from getting soggy.


Q: How can I make sure the chicken is not dry?
A: The key to avoiding dry chicken is not to overcook it. Use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature of the chicken. Remove it from the oven when the temperature reaches 165°F and let it rest.

Also, avoid puncturing the meat while cooking, as it allows the juices to escape, leading to dry chicken. Another tip is to baste the chicken with melted butter or oil every 20 minutes while cooking to keep it moist.

Q: How do I know when the chicken is done?
A: The internal temperature of the chicken should be 165°F. Insert the meat thermometer into the thickest part of the thigh, making sure not to touch the bone.

The juices should also run clear when the chicken is pierced with a fork or knife. If the juices are still pink, the chicken needs to be cooked longer.

Q: Can I roast a frozen chicken?
A: No, it is not recommended to roast a frozen chicken as it will not cook evenly. Frozen chicken needs to be completely thawed before cooking in the oven.

Q: How can I make the skin extra crispy?
A: To make the skin extra crispy, pat the chicken dry with paper towels before seasoning it. You can also sprinkle baking powder over the skin before seasoning it, as it draws out moisture and helps to achieve a crispy texture.

Another tip is to roast the chicken at a higher temperature, around 425°F (220°C), for the last 5-10 minutes to crisp up the skin.


Roasting a chicken can seem daunting at first, but it’s actually a relatively simple process that only requires a few ingredients and some patience. By selecting the right chicken and preparing it correctly, you’ll have a delicious and flavorful meal that will impress your friends and family.

Remember to use a meat thermometer to ensure the chicken is properly cooked, and allow it to rest before carving to let the juices redistribute. With these tips and tricks, you’ll be a pro at roasting chicken in no time!

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