How To Make Sushi Rice

Sushi is one of the most popular dishes in the world. It originates from Japan and is typically made with vinegar-flavored rice, various seafood, vegetables, and seaweed. The quality of sushi rice is crucial in making the perfect sushi. In this article, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of how to make sushi rice and provide you with some frequently asked questions about this Japanese culinary staple.


– 2 cups Japanese short-grain rice
– 2 cups water
– 1/4 cup rice vinegar
– 2 tablespoons sugar
– 1 teaspoon salt


1. Rinse the Rice

The first step in making sushi rice is to rinse the rice to remove excess starch. Rinse the rice in a fine-mesh colander until the water runs clear. This will ensure that the rice is the right texture and consistency.

2. Soak the Rice

Soaking the rice is another crucial step in making sushi rice. Soak the rice for about 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the type of rice. This step will help the rice to absorb the flavors of the vinegar and sugar.

3. Cook the Rice

To cook the rice, put the rice and water in a heavy-bottomed pot and bring them to a boil. Once the water boils, turn the heat down to low and cover the pot with a lid. Cook the rice for about 15-20 minutes or until the water has been completely absorbed by the rice.

4. Make the Vinegar Mixture

While the rice is cooking, make the vinegar mixture. In a small saucepan, heat the rice vinegar, sugar, and salt over medium heat. Stir the mixture to dissolve the sugar and salt, and then remove the pan from heat.

5. Mix the Vinegar with the Rice

Once the rice is cooked, transfer it to a large wooden bowl or a non-reactive bowl. Add the vinegar mixture to the rice and mix well with a wooden spoon or a paddle. Make sure you mix the vinegar with the rice evenly.

6. Let the Rice Cool

After mixing the rice with the vinegar, let it cool to room temperature before using it to make sushi. Do not use hot rice as it will break the seaweed sheets and make your sushi rolls fall apart.


1. Can I use other types of rice to make sushi?

Sushi rice must be made with Japanese short-grain rice, which is stickier and has a higher starch content than other types of rice. Using other kinds of rice may result in sushi that is too dry, or the rice grains may not stick together well.

2. How long should I soak the rice?

Soaking the rice for at least 30 minutes and up to an hour is recommended. This will ensure that the rice properly absorbs the vinegar mixture and will result in the perfect flavor and texture.

3. Do I need to use a wooden bowl when mixing the rice with the vinegar?

It is recommended to use a wooden bowl when mixing the rice with the vinegar. The wooden bowl does not react with the vinegar mixture, ensuring that the flavor of the rice is not compromised.

4. What is the ideal temperature for the sushi rice?

The ideal temperature for the sushi rice is room temperature. Do not use hot rice as it will break the seaweed sheets and make your sushi rolls fall apart.

5. Can I store leftover sushi rice?

Yes, you can store leftover sushi rice in the refrigerator. It can last up to five days if stored in an airtight container.


Making sushi rice is a relatively simple process, but it requires careful attention to detail to get it right. Remember to choose the right type of rice, soak it properly, cook it correctly, and mix it with the vinegar mixture evenly. Your sushi rice should be sticky, flavorful, and perfect for making your favorite sushi rolls. Once you’ve mastered the art of making sushi rice, you’ll be able to enjoy homemade sushi that rivals the best sushi bars in town.

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