Like daffodils, tulips are an iconic flowering spring bulb, filling gardens with colour well before most other flowering plants have gained momentum. The plants have two to six spacious, strappy leaves with a waxy coat which provides them a blue-green colour. The blossoms are often cup-shaped, with three petals and three sepals. Additional tulips are star-shaped.
Tulips are among the earliest cultivated plants and are hybridized to create pretty much every colour except for true blue. Many tulips have one flower per stem, but some are multi-flowering. There are literally thousands of different kinds of tulips spread over 15 official classifications based on blossom shape, height, and time of bloom.
Even though tulips are perennial bulbs, many hybrid types are normally rather short-lived. Keeping an enormous display of tulips requires planting extra bulbs each fall for the following spring’s display. And because tulips need a chilling period, gardeners in warmer climates must buy pre-chilled bulbs and plant them afresh annually. But even if you must cultivate your tulips as annual crops, they will still lift your spirits in the spring.
A Brief History of Tulips
Tulips have a fascinating history. Although closely associated with Holland, tulips were cultivated in Turkey. The name tulip is thought to be derived from the Turkish word for turbans,”tulbend,” because of the similarity. They gained fame in Europe from the 17th century, peaking in 1636 to 1637 with ‘Tulipmania,’ time once the price of tulips bulbs was greater than the purchase price of a house. Luckily, the cost has corrected, and we can all appreciate the bulbs today.
There are not that many flowers in bloom when tulips put on their show, so they may be worked into any place in the lawn. They look best when planted in clusters, rather than lines. They make great companions for other spring bulbs, such as Chionodoxa (Glory of the Snow), late daffodils, dwarf iris, and Scilla.
Some of those cool-season annuals, like snapdragons and pansies, provide a great contrast to the bowl form of tulip flowers. The blues of Forget-Me-Nots and Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica) play up the bold colours of tulips.
Tulips make great cut flowers. If a deer problem prohibits you from growing tulips in your lawn, you can grow them on your fenced vegetable garden and bring them inside to enjoy.
|Botanical Name||Tulipa (Group)|
|Plant Type||Perennial flowering bulb|
|Mature Size||9 to 24 inches (depending on type)|
|Sun Exposure||Full sun|
|Soil Type||Rich, medium-moisture, well-drained soil|
|Soil pH||6.0 to 7.0|
|Bloom Time||April to May|
|Flower Color||All colors except blue|
|Hardiness Zones||3 to 8|
|Native Area||Originally from Central Europe and Eastern Asia; now widely cultivated and hybridized|
The Way to Grow Tulips
Tulips grow best as perennials in ponds with moist, cool-to-cold winters and hot, dry summers. Plant the bulbs 4 to 8 inches deep in the fall (a thickness around three times the size of the bulbs), in a sunny place with well-drained soil. Since they sprout and bloom so early in the spring, tulips can do the job nicely beneath shrubs and trees which will leaf out to make shady conditions later in the season. Space the bulbs 2 to 5 inches apart depending on their size, with the pointy end facing upward. Tulips tend to exhibit best if planted in groups of approximately ten bulbs.
Tulips are occasionally grown as annuals–notably the hybrid types. In that case, you can dig up and discard the bulbs after blooming is finished, then plant summer blossoms in their place. In warmer climates, this is the normal way to grow tulips–planting new bulbs early every spring bought from commercial vendors who pre-chill the bulbs.
If you’re growing tulips as perennials, bear in mind that lots of varieties, particularly the hybrids, will start to decline after two decades or so. Species varieties, on the other hand, will continue to bloom vigorously annually and might reproduce themselves with offsets which may be divided to provide more plants. If climbing as perennials, remove the flower stalks immediately after they flower, but leave the foliage in place until it turns yellow. This helps replenish the bulb’s energy.
All varieties of tulips prefer sunlight.
Tulips prefer rich, well-draining soil with a pH that’s neutral to slightly acidic. Mixing in compost can improve drainage and supply nourishment to the bulbs.
Water the bulbs thoroughly immediately after you plant them after this withhold watering except during prolonged dry spells. If your area gets some rain every couple of weeks, do not water your tulips in any respect. In arid regions, watering every 2 weeks is advised. Tulips are native to arid areas in central Europe and Eastern Asia, so the more tightly you can approximate those requirements, the longer your tulips will survive.
Temperature and Humidity
Tulips thrive in areas with cool-to-cold dry and winters, warm summers. They need 12 to 14 weeks of temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit to be able to blossom, so in areas without cool winter temperatures, they need to be planted as annuals.
Tulips tend to perform better in dry regions as opposed to humid climates because high humidity generally goes hand-in-hand with a great deal of summer and spring rain, which can cause bulbs to rot.
Add some compost, bone meal, or granular fertilizer into the planting hole when you plant the tulip bulbs. Feed them again the next spring, when they sprout again. Aside from this, no feeding is essential.
While tulips can be propagated from seeds, the more common way to do it is by lifting the bulbs and dividing the counter bulbs (bulblets) which are connected to the mother bulb. This needs to be completed in the autumn, in the normal planting period for tulips.
Dig up the bulbs using a trowel or spade, then brush off the dirt and gently break off the little offset bulbs from the mother bulb.
Inspect the offsets and discard any that seem soft or deformed.
Replant the offsets and the mother bulb in a thickness about 3 times the diameter of the bulb, with the pointed side facing upward.
For the first few years, the new tulips will create foliage but no flowers. At about the next year, you can expect the bulbs to bloom.
Classification of Tulips
The Number of tulips available is somewhat bewildering since there are 15 separate divisions based on features such as plant size, bloom time, flower shape, and genetic source:
- Single early: Cup-shaped with one flower per short stem; first tulips to bloom, starting late March
- Double early: More than the usual number of petals, with a fluffy appearance; tall stems (12 to 15 inches); start blooming in early April; can be harmed by cold snaps and winds
- Triumph: Cross between early and late singles; tall stems (15 to 18 inches); late-April bloomers
- Darwin hybrid: Cross between Darwin and Fosteriana; tall stems (24 inches) and very hardy; naturalize well; late-season, blooming into May
- Single late: One bloom per stem; known for a wide range of colors and late-season bloomers
- Lily-flowered: Tall (18 to 24 inches), late-season bloomers with pointed, slightly flared petals
- Fringed: Fringed or ruffled petal edges in many colors, sometimes with contrasting colors on the fringe; late-season bloomers with 12- to 18-inch stems
- Viridiflora: Late season blooms on 12- to 24-inch stems with distinctive green streaks in their petals
- Rembrandt: Once prized for their colorful streaks and mottling; no longer grown commercially because the coloring was caused by a virus that spreads to other tulips; plants now advertised as ‘Rembrandt’ are cultivars that mimic the look of the originals
- Parrot: Named for the bud’s resemblance to a parrot’s beak; flowers are large, with twisted, curling petals on tall stems (12 to 24 inches); late-season blooms
- Double late: Also called peony tulips; tall stems (18 to 24 inches) with enough petals to rival a peony bloom; not particularly hardy but work well in containers
- Kaufmanniana: Also known as the water lily tulip; early bloomers with wide-open flowers that are almost flat; leaves have brownish-purple mottling; short plants, only 6 to 12 inches tall
- Fosteriana: Also known as emperor tulips; large flowers, often with pointed petals and available in many colors; bloom mid-season; plant 8 to 15 inches tall
- Griegii: Short (8 to 12 inches), early-season bloomers with flared, pointed petals and wavy leaves; brightly colored, including some bi-colors
- Species or wild tulips: Great for perennializing; short plants (4 to 12 inches) with lots of variety and varying bloom times
Suggested Tulip Varieties
- ‘Purissima’ (Fosteriana division): Very early, pale yellow petals that fade to white
- ‘Ballarina’ (Lily division): Fragrant with flared, pointed, orange petals
- ‘Ballarina’ (Fosteriana division: Sunny yellow with white tips that look like feathers
- ‘Prinses Irene’ (Triumph division): Rembrandt-style orange petals streaked with burgundy
- ‘Spring green’ (Viridflora division): White petals with green center stripes; late-blooming and long-lasting
Common Pest/ Diseases
Tulip bulbs and foliage are very popular with several animals, such as deer, squirrels, and other insects. In some regions, it is simply not worth putting tulips from the floor, and you are better off putting them in containers that are protected. As an alternative, you can attempt deterrents or interplant that the tulips with daffodils, but you must be ready to eliminate a couple.
Tulips are prone to basal rust and flame fungus. Basal rot appears as dark brown spotting or as white or pink blossom on the bulbs. Plants that grow from influenced bulbs might be deformed and/or perish early. The best remedy would be to shed affected bulbs and plant new bulbs that were treated with a fungicide.
Bulbs influenced by fire parasites contribute to malformed or stunted plants or crops which never emerge. Affected plants might have curling dead or shoots regions with dark green circles. Heal affected plants with a fungicide. Discard changed bulbs, and plant new bulbs which were treated with a fungicide.
The Beauty of Tulips
Tulips are one of the most popular and sought after flowers, and they have become the favorite flower of many florists. Tulips are available in various colors and sizes, and tulip flower Texas has become increasingly popular with flower lovers. It is possible to order tulip flower Texas online, or in person from a tulip flower Texas florist.
Tulip flower Texas has a lovely aroma and look, making them a wonderful addition to any home decorating scheme. A tulip flower Texas can add color and class to any room in a home. The tulip flower Texas is a popular choice of flower for decorations throughout the spring and summer months, as they are a beautiful display for any window sill, mantle, or patio.
There are various species of tulips, and a tulip flower Texas is no exception. Tulips, which are native to Southeast Asia, are not native to North America. The Tulip flower Texas is actually the Tulip Musca.
Tulips are found in many places across the world. In Europe, tulips can be found growing in gardens, and in homes, as they are a highly prized flower. Tulips are grown in North America, primarily in the Eastern states. Tulips grow in almost any area that receives enough sun and humidity. In fact, tulips can be grown almost anywhere, provided they receive enough sun and enough water.
The tulip flower Texas is a very popular flower that can be grown both indoors and outdoors, and the tulips can be bought in most places. Tulips are a beautiful and exotic flower that is available for purchase from many different sources. Tulips are sold in a variety of forms, including a plant, a tulip bulb, and a tulip seed. Tulips can also be grown in a garden and can be grown in containers.
Tulip flower Texas is easy to grow in most areas. The tulips can be grown by growing the tulips in pots and keeping them in a warm location that has plenty of sunlight and humidity. Tulips are also a popular choice for people who like to grow plants in containers. These tulips can be placed in the window of a home or in the garden and enjoy them year round.
Tulips are one of the most popular flowers to place in the flower room, but the tulips are not only limited to the flower room. The tulips are also very popular in pots, as well as they can be placed on top of tables, mantles, in the center of flower beds, and in the ground. Many tulips also look wonderful in the center of planters. Tulips also make great wall sconces or vases that are displayed in any room.
Tulips are not only available for home use, but there are a number of tulip flower Texas florists that can be found throughout the United States, and tulips can be found online and in local florists. The tulip flower Texas is becoming more popular every year as tulip flower Texas is increasing in popularity.
Tulips are beautiful flowers that are sold in a variety of different colors and are available in many different flower arrangements. Many tulips come with a selection of different flowers as well and are available in a variety of colors. Tulips can be grown both indoors and outdoors, and many tulips are available in a variety of colors. Tulips are also grown in a number of different containers, and containers can be used to display tulips.
The tulip flower Texas has several different flowers that are used to grow tulips. The tulips grow best in soil that has a lot of moisture, and shade. Tulips also grow better in soil that has a high nitrogen level. Tulips grow better in soil that has lots of moisture, and shade, but will not grow as well in soil that is completely dry.
When it comes to choosing tulips, there are a number of different types of tulips to choose from. Tulips come in a variety of different shapes and colors, and each type of tulip can be used to make a different type of floral arrangement. Tulips come in a variety of different forms and sizes, and each tulip can be used to make a different type of floral arrangement. Tulips come in a variety of different flowers and in various shapes.
Tulips are not the only flower that can be used to decorate a flower room, but there are also roses, hydrangeas, lilies, daffodils, and others that can be used to decorate a flower room. Tulips make beautiful arrangements that are available both in a bouquet and in a container. Tulips are beautiful and can be grown both indoors and outdoors. Tulips are available in many different colors and can be used to make many different types of arrangements.