How To Cook A Turkey

Turkey plays a significant role in the traditional American Thanksgiving dinner table. It is often the centerpiece, and its preparation involves meticulous planning and execution. While it may seem daunting, cooking a turkey is not as complicated as it seems.

In this article, we will provide step-by-step instructions on how to cook a turkey and answer some frequently asked questions about turkey cooking.


1 turkey (10-12 lbs.)
3 tablespoons unsalted butter, melted
2 tablespoons dried thyme
2 tablespoons dried sage
2 tablespoons dried rosemary
2 tablespoons salt
1 tablespoon black pepper
3 cups chicken or turkey broth


1. Preheat the oven to 400°F.

2. Rinse the turkey under cold water and pat it dry with paper towels.

3. Place the turkey on a roasting pan, breast-side up.

4. Mix together melted butter, thyme, sage, rosemary, salt, and black pepper.

5. Brush the turkey with the herb-butter mixture.

6. Tie the legs with kitchen twine and tuck the wings under the body.

7. Place the turkey in the preheated oven and roast for 30 minutes.

8. Reduce the oven temperature to 350°F. Baste the turkey with the pan drippings and chicken or turkey broth every 30 minutes.

9. Continue roasting the turkey until the internal temperature reaches 165°F. Use a meat thermometer to check for doneness. It usually takes about 2 ½ to 3 hours to fully cook a 10-12 lb turkey.

10. Remove the turkey from the oven and let it rest for at least 20 minutes before carving.


1. How big of a turkey should I buy?

The general rule of thumb is to buy 1 pound of turkey per person. A 10-12 lb turkey can feed up to 12 guests.

2. How long do I need to thaw a frozen turkey?

The best way to thaw a frozen turkey is to thaw it in the refrigerator. It takes approximately 24 hours for every 4 pounds of turkey to thaw. For example, a 12 lb turkey will take approximately 3 days to thaw in the refrigerator.

3. Can I cook a turkey without stuffing?

Yes, you can cook a turkey without stuffing. In fact, cooking a turkey without stuffing makes it easier to achieve even cooking and ensures that the meat stays moist.

4. How do I know when the turkey is done?

Use a meat thermometer to check for doneness. The turkey is done when the internal temperature reaches 165°F.

5. Do I need to baste the turkey?

Basting the turkey helps to keep it juicy but it is not necessary. If you choose not to baste, cover the turkey with foil to prevent it from drying out.

In conclusion, cooking a turkey can be intimidating, but with these simple steps, you can achieve a delicious and juicy Thanksgiving turkey. Remember to plan ahead, follow the recipe, and use a meat thermometer to ensure that the turkey is fully cooked. Happy Thanksgiving!

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