How to Clean Different Types of Flooring: Confused about which cleaning method is best for your floor? Some cleaning solutions can work wonders on one type of floor and wreak havoc on another. We thought we would make it a little easier. So whatever your type of flooring, take a look at our best tips on how to keep them in the shape of a ship.
Rugs and tiles
Regular vacuuming is essential for carpets, as it prevents loose dirt and sand from entering the carpet, damaging the fibers. Vertical vacuum cleaners are the best, especially those with rotating brushes to remove built-in dirt. Use the suction head for the buttonhole mats, as the brushes and beater heads can cause the rug to move. The manufacturers recommend annual steam cleaning. Clean according to wear. Whether you do it yourself or call professionals, high traffic areas should be cleaned once every two years.
Remove wine or grease stains from the carpet by lightly dusting the area with baking soda. Dab it and add a little more if necessary. Leave to act until the wine is absorbed, then vacuum up any residual residues.
All good quality natural floor coverings should have a substantial latex backing to prevent the penetration of dust and debris and ensure easy maintenance by suction. A brushless cylinder vacuum cleaner is the best choice for natural floors to avoid damaging the fibers.
Most high-quality natural floors are sold with a stain inhibitor that protects them from dirt and prolongs their life, so ask your supplier for details of cleaning products for natural fibers. These should be used immediately on the stains, not once the stain has been absorbed. Clean with a clean cloth or kitchen paper. Do not use mousse or carpet shampoo as they can reduce natural floors.
Consider hiring a professional cleaning company if you want to thoroughly clean the floor, but make sure they use a dry rather than wet cleaning system. Ask your dealer to recommend a company
Regularly sweep wooden floors or use a vacuum cleaner with a brush. Clean once or several times a week with a well-wrung broom, using a soapy detergent specific for wood. Do not saturate the floor or let the water rest on it, as this can cause damage. Waxed boards wet washed sparingly and polish them to improve the patina. The build-up of dirty wax must be removed with a white spirit and the boards waxed again. Treat the engineered boards with oil or reviver lacquer, applied with a soft cloth.
Remove scratch marks from wooden floors by rubbing them gently with a pencil eraser.
Bring out the natural color of your wooden floor by wiping the surface with lemon oil and a dry cloth. However, this only applies to natural and waxed floors, not to painted floors.
The laminate must be swept or vacuumed regularly. The use of a damp cloth is fine, but never immerse the floor with water: they are designed to resist water. Most of the spills on the laminate can be removed with household cleaners but, if the stain is lipstick, ink or permanent marker, try acetone. Never use abrasive sponges to remove stains on the laminate floor and to remove any liquid stains from the floor as soon as possible.
How to clean tiles and stone floors
The stone will often be treated before leaving the factory. If not, it will easily stain, so it is important to seal it with a proprietary sealant or, for terracotta and slate, use linseed oil. Once sealed, clean it with a mixture of mild detergent and water. However, it will need to be re-sealed at regular intervals to keep it looking its best.
Clean up any acid spills immediately.
The reconstituted stone must be sealed with a stain inhibitor and then impregnated with a top layer of water-based sealant. It will need to be sealed again every two years. Ask the manufacturer or service provider for specific advice and suitable products.
Ceramic tiles can be cleaned with a mild detergent and a water solution and do not require sealing. Moisten your ceramic tile with a standard all-purpose cleaner. Dry the floor with a soft cloth to avoid streaks.
Do not use aggressive abrasive cleaners that could scratch the glaze.
Paving stone, limestone, slate
Moisten paving stone or slate floors using clean water, an all-purpose cleaning solution in hot water or water to which fabric softener has been added. Wring the broom until it drips and apply it on the floor with slow and uniform movements. Ask the manufacturer to recommend the appropriate cleaning product.
Eliminate spills on unglazed floors immediately or they may cause stains.
Remove stubborn marks with a white spirit, but always do a sample test first.
Vinyls, linoleums and rubber are durable and easy to clean. The amount of cleaning and maintenance depends on both the lifestyle and the color of the floor. Vacuum or brush regularly to remove dust and sand that could cause scratches on the floor and follow with a weekly cleaning with the detergent recommended by your supplier.
Remove the marks of rubbing by rubbing them gently with an abrasive sponge, the type you would use to clean non-stick cookware.
Clean the floor with mild detergent and water. Do not use abrasive cleaners, which may leave a matte film on the floor. Pay attention to spray glazes and other silicone-based products as they can make your floor very slippery, as well as the white spirit.