The history of conveyor belts begins in the second half of the 17th century. Since then, conveyor belts have been an inevitable part of material transportation. But it was in 1795 that conveyor belts became a popular means of transporting bulk materials. In the beginning, conveyor belts were used only to move bags of wheat over short distances.
The system and operation of the conveyor belt was rather simple in the beginning. The conveyor belt system had a flat wooden bed and a belt running through the wooden bed. Previously, conveyor belts were made of leather, canvas or rubber. This primitive conveyor belt system was very popular for transporting bulky items from one place to another. At the beginning of the 20th century, applications of conveyor belts have expanded.
Hymle Goddard of the Logan Company was the first to receive the roller roller patent in 1908. The roller machine industry was unsuccessful. A few years later, in 1919, motorized and free conveyor belts were used in automotive production. Therefore, conveyor belts have become popular tools for transporting heavy and large goods within factories.
During the 1920s, conveyor belts were common and also underwent enormous changes. Conveyor belts were used in coal mines to manage coal runs for over 8 km and were made with layers of cotton and rubber covers. The longest conveyor belt currently in use is 60 miles long in the Western Sahara phosphate mines.
One of the turning points in the history of conveyor belts has been the introduction of synthetic conveyor belts. It was introduced during the Second World War, mainly due to the scarcity of natural materials such as cotton, rubber and canvas. Since then, synthetic conveyor belts have become popular in various industries.
With the growing market demand, many polymers and synthetic fabrics have started to be used in the production of conveyor belts. Today, conveyor belts are commonly used cotton, canvas, EPDM, leather, neoprene, nylon, polyester, polyurethane, urethane, PVC, rubber, silicone and steel. Nowadays, the material used to make a conveyor belt is determined by its application.