The style of French furniture that we call Louis XV flourished during the period 1730-1775. If the Louis XIV furniture style was designed with the glorification of the Sun King in mind and all in massive, masculine, square form, the Louis XV furniture style is the exact opposite. Designed for the comfort and glorification of beautiful women, it has a romantic, sensual and feminine aspect. A fluid abstraction of uninterrupted curves is the guiding principle of the Louis XV style of furniture; the legs are curved, the backrest is curved and the seat is curved. Louis XV architecture also adheres to this principle. He abhorred straight lines. In typical Louis XV architecture everything is curved: the ceiling, the designs of the panels on the walls, the designs of the panels in the doors and even the corners of a room are curved.
French Furniture Louis XV
The Louis XV style is sometimes called the Rococo style. It derives from two French words which mean rock and shell. Rock and shell were the two popular motifs for decorating this period. The Rococo style features extensive and elaborate decorations and decorations. It was also during this period that France was fascinated by Chinese things. This fascination for Chinese motifs was called Chinoiserie. A recently discovered Chinese painting method called Lacquering was usually used in painting wooden furniture. Fabrics and wall coverings have also been designed with Chinese motifs. It is therefore not uncommon to find some Louis XV style furniture that carry this Chinese influence.
The basic characteristics of a Louis XV furnishing style are:
1. Curved shapes and shapes. This period hated something of law.
2. It carries a large rococo decoration. Everything is richly decorated with intricate carvings. The wooden surfaces are decorated with inlays, bronze supports and hand-painted. With cockleshell design as a focal point.
3. Romantic images are usually reflected in his motifs. This was a period of romance for Du Barry and Madame Pompadour. Images of love like Cupid and his arrow are often reflected in the drawings. Shepherd’s hat and basket, fishing and hunting scenes, violin or horn and other musical motifs, bouquets and other pastoral scenes are very common design elements during this period.
4. This period has designed everything with an eye to lightness and grace. Delicacy is its guiding spirit. Even the staircase is delicate compared to the very massive previous style of Louis XIV. It is smaller, softer and more comfortable.
5. As it has become smaller and more delicate in size, the need for stretchers to support the legs is eliminated.
In conclusion, the Louis XV style is commonly used in today’s homes. Its delicate shape and dimensions are very practical and have both the scale and the grace that are the goal in most decorations today. It is indeed a favorite among designers and homeowners when decorating traditional houses.