Fatty Liver Disease: Reason and Preventative Measure
Fatty Liver Disease: Some fat in your liver is normal. But if it constitutes more than 5 percent-10% of the organ’s weight, you might have the fatty liver disease. If you’re a drinker, cease. That’s one of the key reasons for the condition.
You can also get fatty liver disease during pregnancy.
Alcoholic Liver Disease (ALD)
You can get the alcoholic liver disease from drinking a great deal of alcohol. It can even show up after a short period of heavy drinking.
Genes which are passed down from your parents may also play a part in ALD. They can affect the chances that you become an alcoholic. And they can also have an effect on the way your body breaks down the alcohol you drink.
Other things that may affect your chance of getting ALD are:
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
It is not clear what causes this sort of fatty liver disease. NAFLD tends to run in families.
It is also more likely to occur to individuals who are obese and middle-aged or obese. People like that often have high cholesterol and diabetes too.
Other causes are:
Autoimmune or inherited liver disorder
Fast weight loss
Some studies show that too much bacteria in your small intestine and other changes in the gut may be linked to the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Acute Fatty Liver of Pregnancy
It is rare, but fat can build up in your liver when you’re pregnant. This could be risky for both you and your baby. It could result in liver or kidney failure in either of you. It might also cause a serious infection or bleeding.
Nobody fully understands why fatty liver happens during pregnancy, but hormones can play a role.
Once you receive a diagnosis, it’s important that your baby gets delivered as soon as possible. Even though you might need intensive care for several days, your liver often returns to normal in a couple weeks.
Symptoms of Fatty Liver Disease
You may have the fatty liver disease and not realize it. There are often no symptoms in the beginning. As time goes on, often years or even decades, you can get issues like:
Loss of appetite or weight
You may have any other symptoms, too. Your liver may get bigger. You might have a pain in the centre or right upper part of your stomach. And the skin on your neck or under your arms might have dark, coloured stains.
In case you’ve got the alcoholic liver disease, you might see that the symptoms get worse after a period of heavy drinking.
You might also have cirrhosis, a scarring of your liver.
Wasting of your muscles
Bleeding inside your body
Jaundice (yellowing of eyes and skin)
Diagnosis of Fatty Liver Disease
You might determine that you have the disease when you get a routine checkup. Your doctor might notice that your liver is a little larger than usual.
Other ways your doctor might spot the disease are:
Blood tests. A high number of particular enzymes could mean that you’ve got fatty liver.
Ultrasound. It uses sound waves to get a picture of your liver. The doctor may also ask for an MRI or cat-scan to acquire additional images of your liver.
Biopsy. After numbing the area, your doctor puts a needle through your skin and takes out a small piece of liver. He looks at it under a microscope for signs of fat, inflammation, and damaged liver cells.
Treatment of Fatty Liver Disease
There is not any specific treatment. However, you can improve your condition by managing your diabetes, even if you have it.
In case you have the alcoholic liver disease and you are a heavy drinker, stopping is the most important thing you can do. Speak with your doctor about ways to find help. If you do not stop you could get complications such as alcoholic hepatitis or cirrhosis.
Even in the event that you have the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, it can help to avoid drinking. If you’re overweight or obese, do what you can to gradually lose weight — no longer than 1 or 2 pounds per week.
Eat a balanced and healthy diet and get regular exercise. Limit high-carb foods like bread, grits, rice, potatoes, and corn. And cut down on drinks with lots of sugar like sports drinks and juice.