CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus for the academic session 2023-24 has been designed and published by the Central Board of Secondary Education at the official website www.cbseacademic.nic.in. Students of class 11th can now check the Class 11th Physics Syllabus 2023-24 and start covering the chapters so that they are not burdened during the final exams. The course curriculum for class 11th is different from what the students have studied until 10th so it is advised for them to take their time, analyse the syllabus and then start with their preparations by dividing their time equally for all chapters. The details regarding the Physics Class 11 Syllabus 2023-24 have been shared on this page for the reference of students.
Physics Class 11 Syllabus 2023-24
The Physics Class 11 Syllabus 2023-24 is divided into two parts which makes theory part of 70 Marks and the remaining 30 marks for practicals. In this article, we have thoroughly covered the CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24. This syllabus is also important for the students preparing for competitive exams such as IIT-JEE, NEET Exams, etc and questions are framed by referring to the class 11 syllabus also. Often students consider physics one of the toughest subjects among all others but if prepared strategically, they can score well.
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 | ||
Units | Name of the Units | Marks |
Unit–I | Physical World and Measurement | 23 |
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements | ||
Unit–II | Kinematics | |
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line | ||
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane | ||
Unit–III | Laws of Motion | |
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion | ||
Unit–IV | Work, Energy, and Power | 17 |
Chapter–6: Work, Energy, and Power | ||
Unit–V | The motion of the System of Particles and Rigid Body | |
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion | ||
Unit-VI | Gravitation | |
Chapter–8: Gravitation | ||
Unit–VII | Properties of Bulk Matter | 20 |
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids | ||
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids | ||
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter | ||
Unit–VIII | Thermodynamics | |
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics | ||
Unit–IX | The behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases | |
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory | ||
Unit–X | Oscillations and Waves | 10 |
Chapter–14: Oscillations | ||
Chapter–15: Waves |
CBSE 11th Physics Syllabus 2023-24 (Chapter-wise)
The detailed and chapter-wise CBSE 11th Physics Syllabus 2023-24 has been given below. There are 10 units and 14 chapters in total that are covered in the CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 and students must cover them all much before the exams to have enough time for revisions. Students must study the chapters very carefully and clear their concepts as it will help them to understand the syllabus of class 12 easier.
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement
Chapter–2: Units and Measurements
- Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units;
- SI units, fundamental and derived units. significant figures.
- Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.
Unit II: Kinematics
Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line
- The frame of reference, Motion in a straight line,
- Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, Instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, and position-time graphs.
- Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment).
Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane
- Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number;
- Addition and subtraction of vectors,
- Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar, and Vector product of vectors.
- Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration projectile motion, uniform circular motion.
Unit III: Laws of Motion
Chapter–5: Laws of Motion
- Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion.
- Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.
- Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
- Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).
Unit IV: Work, Energy, and Power
Chapter–6: Work, Energy, and Power
- Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.
- The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring,
- Conservative forces: non-conservative forces, motion in a vertical circle;
- Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion
- Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation, and Centre of mass motion.
- Centre of mass of a rigid body; center of mass of a uniform rod.
- Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.
- Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation, and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.
- Moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).
Unit VI: Gravitation
Chapter–8: Gravitation
- Kepler’s law of planetary motion, the universal law of gravitation. Acceleration is due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.
- Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential,
- Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite.
Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter
Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids
- Elasticity
- Stress-strain relationship
- Hooke’s law
- Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity (qualitative idea only)
- Poisson’s ratio
- elastic energy.
Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids
- Pressure due to a fluid column
- Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes),
- Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.
- Viscosity
- Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity
- Bernoulli’s theorem and its simple applications.
- Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles, and capillary rise.
Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter
- Heat, temperature,
- Thermal expansion;
- Thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases,
- Anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.
- Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation,
- Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law.
Unit VIII: Thermodynamics
Chapter–12: Thermodynamics
- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature zeroth law of thermodynamics, heat, work and internal energy.
- The first law of thermodynamics,
- The second law of thermodynamics: gaseous state of matter,
- Change of condition of gaseous state -isothermal, adiabatic, reversible, irreversible, and cyclic processes.
Unit IX: Behavior of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases
Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory
- Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.
- Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature;
- RMS speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom,
- Law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases;
- The concept of the mean free path,
- Avogadro’s number.
Unit X: Oscillations and Waves
Chapter–14: Oscillations
- Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, and their application.
- Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equations of motion; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring- restoring force and force constant;
- Energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies;
- Simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period.
Chapter–15: Waves
- Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of the traveling wave,
- Displacement relation for a progressive wave,
- Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves,
- Standing waves in strings and organ pipes,
- Fundamental mode and harmonics,
- Beats.
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 Pdf Download Link
CBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 for Practical
The CBSE Class 11 Physics Evaluation scheme consists of Two experiments one from each section of 7 marks each, a Practical record (experiment and activities) carrying 5 marks, One activity from any section of 3 marks, an Investigatory Project of 3 marks and Viva on experiments, activities, and project of 5 marks. The practical activity carries 30 marks and will be rewarded to the students by evaluating both practical activities and viva.
Class 11th Physics Practical Evaluation Scheme | |
Topic | Marks |
Two experiments one from each section | 7+7 marks |
Practical record (experiment and activities) | 5 marks |
One activity from any section | 3 marks |
Investigatory Project | 3 marks |
Viva on experiments, activities, and project | 5 marks |
Total | 30 Marks |
Section A
Experiments
- To measure the diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.
- To measure the diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using a screw gauge.
- To determine the volume of an irregular lamina using a screw gauge.
- To determine the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
- To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
- To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.
- Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective length of the second pendulum.
- To study the variation of a time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of the same size but different masses and interpreting the result.
- To study the relationship between the force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
- To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and Sinθ.
Activities
- To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g., 0.2cm, 0.5 cm.
- To determine the mass of a given body using a meter scale by the principle of moments.
- To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.
- To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling a roller on a horizontal plane.
- To study the variation in the range of a projectile with an angle of projection.
- To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).
- To study the dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
Section B
Experiments
- To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire
- To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
- To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.
- To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.
- To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
- To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
- To determine the specific heat capacity of a given solid by the method of mixtures.
- Study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using a sonometer.
- To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using a sonometer.
- To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.
Activities
- To observe the change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.
- To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip.
- To note the change in the level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.
- To study the effect of detergent on the surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.
- To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.
- To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped meter scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in the middle.
- To observe the decrease in pressure with an increase in velocity of a fluid.
Prescribed Books
- Physics Part-I, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
- Physics Part-II, Textbook for Class XI, Published by NCERT
- Laboratory Manual of Physics, Class XI Published by NCERT
- The list of other related books and manuals brought out by NCERT (consider multimedia also).
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