Bedding has changed dramatically over the centuries. Start by looking at the medium Roman bed. These were fairly simple bed frames made of wood or iron. If a Roman were rich, he would have his bed covered with the furs of exotic creatures. If a Roman couple were rich, they slept in separate beds while the poor masses slept together in pairs or more.
With the fall of Rome, the elaborate bedrooms became a thing of the past and the bedrooms of most Saxon and Viking families were simple one-room bedrooms. These warriors would have slept nothing but benches and hardwood planks. Their blankets and pillows were also made of leaves and straw. The poor also made beds of straw and leaves during the medieval period. The wealthy upper class had beds that included royal sheets and mattresses. This period also saw the first bed curtains hanging low from the top of the bed canopy. This was more to protect the bed occupants from the elements and insects.
The ideal medieval bed was made to be moved on site. When a Lord and a Lady would travel, they would also travel with their bed. As time went by up to the Tudor age, many people could afford the normal framed beds. Still made of hard boards and boards, these beds were more readily available to the general public. They started to take on the look of the beds we have today. However, the construction of a Tudor bed was rather lacking. Held together with nothing but tight ropes, these ropes would need to be replaced when they would have been unusually stretched.
With the arrival of the Stuart and Georgians beds, the design has improved. The French had added the idea of a bedspread. These beds were made of elegantly carved wood and fastened together without the aid of ropes.
As the years went by, the Victorian age arrived. These beds were the first bed frames made entirely of iron. Sometimes assembled or welded together, Victorian beds were fashioned with huge ornate headboards and footboards. As well as a box on which the mattress is placed.
Today our beds are mostly made of metal, plastic or wood. Our mattresses are encased in plastic covers and sports sheets made of silk and other expensive materials.