Perennial Plants to Grow: Perennial flowers and plants appear at every flowering time with fresh buds, refreshed colors, and strong aromas. Perennials are by definition plants that live longer than two years, and the name literally means “over the years”. In contrast to short-lived annuals or biennials (plants that take two years to grow), these varieties are relatively easy to care for after their first planting. That said, they’re a great option for anyone looking to add lasting beauty to their garden, yard, or forest.
Perennial Plants to Grow
Here we have summarized the best perennials for this year – and all subsequent years – including their zone requirements, sunlight requirements, and optimal flowering times. Keep in mind that not all perennials are the same: some are short-lived, which means that they only bloom for a few years before they completely die out. Others, such as the popular day lily, only bloom for one day each year. All in all, many of these blossoms and foliage beauties are great ground covers, borders, and garden pollinators.
- 1 Hostas
- 2 Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum)
- 3 False Indigo (Baptisia)
- 4 Day lily (Hemerocallis)
- 5 Phlox
- 6 Lupins
- 7 Butterfly bush (lilac)
- 8 Hydrangeas
- 9 Yarrow (Achillea)
- 10 Sedum (Stonecrop)
- 11 Ornamental grass
- 12 Goldenrod (Solidago)
- 13 Asters (Astereae)
- 14 Leek
- 15 Coneflower (Echinacea)
- 16 Sage (salvias)
- 17 Tick seeds (coreopsis)
- 18 Lavender
- 19 Coral bells (Heuchera)
- 20 Russian sage (Perovskia)
Give your garden a tropical look with this easy-care foliage, which is available in different shades of green with white or purple flowers in summer or autumn. While many hostas advertise as shade-loving plants, this is not necessarily the case: the lighter the leaves, the more sun they need to thrive. Otherwise, they are quite tolerant and can live for decades with proper care.
Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum)
When your neighboring deer nibble on everything in sight, plant a piece of Shasta daisy. These short-lived perennials are not only resistant to deer and rabbits, but also grow in clumps and fill all empty areas with bright white and yellow spots. Bonus: You can cut the flowers on a stem for an instant vase filler or a centerpiece and they’ll grow back in no time.
False Indigo (Baptisia)
A year after planting, lupine-like flowers appear and fill your garden with shades of blue, purple and green. They are essentially disease and pest free, which means that nothing can stop them from growing year after year. Over the years (okay, decades) they grow up to four feet tall and fill up like a shrub.
Day lily (Hemerocallis)
Lovingly referred to as the “perfect perennial”, daylilies survive almost everything – fluctuating temperatures, irregular watering and so on. They are available in different colors and sizes, so you can find the right option for your garden or landscape. And while each stem has multiple flowers, remember that the buds only bloom for a day.
From the spring, low-growing phlox blooms as ground cover. During the summer months, the large phlox appears – between three and five feet high – and creates a colorful backdrop for all small farmers. Regardless of the height, all these star-shaped flowers exude a strong fragrance and require little DC.
Lupins are often sighted in the wild – have you ever heard of Texas Bluebonnets? – You can also grow these prickly flowers at home in your garden. During their short life, stems can grow up to two meters high and have red, white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers reminiscent of pea flowers.
Butterfly bush (lilac)
As the name suggests, the flowers of these shrubs attract tons of butterflies in summer and autumn. While the flowers appear in white and dark purple, the lavender-pink flowers are the most attractive for the winged beauties in your region. Although they are cared for, the shrub needs to be pruned annually so that it stays in the best shade for the coming year.
Hydrangeas have been popular for decades, and for good reason: The larger-than-life flower heads combine elegance and charm and give gardens a touch of pink, lavender, blue and white. To ensure that they live full lives (50 years!), Plant them in spring after the last spring frost or in autumn before the first autumn frost.
This robust and versatile perennial is as carefree as it gets: yarrow is pest-resistant, spreads quickly and is an important pollinator. As it grows quickly, use it as ground cover or to fill open meadows or large spaces. Once the red, yellow, pink, or white flowers bloom, cut them (aka deadhead) when their color begins to fade to encourage more flowers to grow.
Pollinators love the star-shaped tufts of flowers – and gardeners too! Depending on the size of your room, choose between low-growing sedum (a great ground covering option!) Or upright sedum. Both varieties achieve the same beautiful results: juicy leaves with tiny pink, red or yellow flowers.
Think of these small farmers when it comes to edges, borders and ground cover. You can choose from a variety of grasses: choose Carex Evergold to add a bright yellow hue, or Blue Fescue to complement the blue and purple in your garden.
Add some contrast to the grasses and greens in your garden with golden yellow spikes. Some consider goldenrod to be weeds – and that’s because it grows quickly and can overtake your garden if not handled carefully. But if you tame it from one season to the next or prefer the wildflower look, then it’s a good choice.
The star-shaped flower heads look exactly like daisies, but are a completely different kind of perennial. The plants, which can grow to between eight inches and eight feet tall, really come to life in late summer and give bees and butterflies an important pollen supply in late season.
Believe it or not, these purple pompom blossoms actually belong to the bulb family – the spherical shape is similar, isn’t it? Once planted, they can remain untouched for years, especially since rodents, deer and pests tend to avoid them. Their thin stems reach a height of 30 inches and thus stand out from ground cover and low-growing varieties.
Make a bold statement by planting masses of coneflowers in a range of pinks, purples, oranges, and yellows. Being part of the daisy family, these trouble-free flowers have similar properties: they grow quickly, sow seeds all season, attract butterflies, and tolerate little or no water.
The culinary herb that you have come to know and love is actually a kind of salvia. However, this blooming beauty works well as a garden edge and attracts bees, hummingbirds and butterflies all summer. Over time, they grow to be between 18 inches and 5 feet tall, despite the heat or drought conditions.
Tick seeds (coreopsis)
This cheerful flower has more than 80 species, all of which have a similar buttery yellow hue. The low-maintenance, drought-tolerant perennial has a relatively short lifespan and lasts three years in southern climates and four years in the north.
Bring the sights and smells of the Mediterranean to your garden by growing this aromatic plant. It grows particularly well in areas with hot temperatures and little rain, making it a great addition to extreme climates.
Coral bells (Heuchera)
The small bell-shaped flowers that emerge from this deciduous plant attract hummingbirds in the summer months. But really, they are often used as ground cover or as borders in forests or rock gardens.
Russian sage (Perovskia)
This woody shrub has a weeping effect: it grows tall, but then falls over due to the weight of the long panicles of flowers. During the summer, the light blue flowers turn into a light cyan blue.